The most recent supermassive black hole we have detected is located at the center of the SDSS J103027.09 052455.0 quasar. It has a mass of one billion times the mass of the Sun and such a powerful gravity that it traps as many as 6 galaxies closest to it. It should be emphasized that its gravitational tentacles extend over 300 times the diameter of the Milky Way. Interestingly, this black hole is a very old object that was formed only less than a billion years after the Big Bang.
This sensational discovery was made with the Very Large Telescope (VLT) at the Chilean observatory in Paranal. Astronomers are surprised that such a young universe already had such technologius objects. After all, we see a black hole as it looked billions of years ago. It's hard to imagine what it looks like today.
In the animation published by ESO, we can see the flow of gas between the black hole and the galaxies. The formation looks like a spider's web. Scientists believe that it was created with a huge contribution from black matter. It was she who could attract ordinary matter to herself and thus form a gas network in which galaxies were born.
Astronomers are not sure, but speculate that there may be even more galaxies hidden in this formation. For now, they are not visible to us because the formation is so far away that ground-based telescopes can only detect the brightest galaxies.
These types of discoveries are a key element in the study of not only black holes, but also the history of the formation of the universe and their role in its evolution. The more discoveries humanity makes, the more and more unanswered questions appear. The world of astronomy needs to build even more powerful telescopes than the VLT. Then we can start trying to answer the basic questions.